The provisions of this section does not apply in the following cases:
1. loan given to a managing director/whole-time director, as a part of the conditions of service extended by the Company to all its employees.
2. loan given to a managing director/whole-time director in pursuant to any scheme approved by the members by a special resolution.
3. a Company which in the ordinary course of its business provides loans or gives guarantees or securities.
4. loan made by a holding company to its wholly owned subsidiary company or guarantee given/security provided by a holding company in respect of any loan made to its wholly owned subsidiary company.
5. guarantee given/security provided by a holding company in respect of loan made by any bank /financial institution to its subsidiary company.
The loans made under (4) & (5) above shall be utilized by the subsidiary company for its principle business activities.
(A) “to any other person in whom director is interested” includes the following:
1. any director of the lending Company, or of a Company which is its holding Company or any partner or relative of any such director;
2. any firm in which any such director or relative is a partner;
3. any private Company of which any such director is a director or member;
4. any body corporate at a general meeting of which not less than twenty five per cent. of the total voting power may be exercised or controlled by any such director, or by two or more such directors, together; or
5. any body corporate, the Board of directors, managing director or manager, whereof is accustomed to act in accordance with the directions or instructions of the Board, or of any director or directors, of the lending Company.
(B) “Book debt” means a trade debt in some way connected with trade of a businessman, which arises in the ordinary course of business, whether it is entered in any books of the business or not. [held in Independent Automatic Sales Ltd. V. Knowles & Foster].
(C) “Accustomed to” means customary, usual, habitual, habituated, acclimated, be used to, being in the habit or custom.
Penalty for contravention of provisions of Section 185:
For contravention of provisions of Section 185, the loan giver and loan receiver, both are punishable as follows:
Company- Minimum of Rs. 5.00 lac which may extent to Rs. 25.00 lac.
Director/any other person to whom any loan is advanced/guarantee is given/security is provided:
Fine – Minimum of Rs. 5.00 lac which may extent to Rs. 25.00 lac
Imprisonment – Maximum of 6 (six) months [or] with both.